India bureaucracy is quite unique in its structure, in that it was created by the British for their administrative needs and in independent India, the systems and the processes have been gradually adjusted to align with evolving demands of statecraft. Yet there is a feeling that these changes are neither fast enough nor adequate. We discussed these issues with Shri Avinash Dharmadhikari. Shri Dharmadhikari was a freelance journalist and a social activist before writing the UPSC and entering the Indian Administrative Service. He was in the IAS for 10 years, rising to the position of working in the Maharashtra CM Office. He quit the service then and started Chankaya Mandal Parivar. Chanakya Mandal focuses on coaching the UPSC aspirants and preparing them not just in terms of content but also personal qualities for the services. Over the years, Shri Dharmadhikari has coached and mentored thousands of youngsters and he is a household name in the UPSC preparation circles, especially in Pune and Maharashtra. In this episode, Shri Dharmadhikari shared his views on how the IAS needs to change, how the UPSC exam itself needs to evolve, the role of lateral entry and several other challenges to the UPSC model. His candid and forthcoming views on enforcing greater accountability for the bureaucracy are thought provoking. Shri Dharmadhikari also talked about the generalization vs specialization debate.